ZPIC Audits Seeking to Extrapolate Damages. Is Your Legal Counsel Experienced?
(July 20, 2010): In recent years, we have seen agents for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) increasingly rely on statistical extrapolation in ZPIC audit cases. In early cases, we successfully invalidated countless extrapolations by identifying relatively basic reasons for why the calculations were inconsistent with accepted statistical principles and practices. Now, however, providers should expect for ZPIC audits to ultimately result in a team of staff from the ZPIC (such as a statistician, an attorney and a clinician) attending and participating in the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) hearing in an effort to have their extrapolation calculations approved by the Court.
Regardless of whether you are providing Home Health, Hospice or Durable Medical Equipment services, if your organization is facing an extrapolated ZPC audit, it is strongly recommended that you engage qualified, experienced legal counsel to represent your interests as early in the appeals process as possible. Your legal counsel can then engage an experienced expert statistician to assess the contractor’s actions and assist with the attorney’s efforts to have the extrapolation thrown out by either the Qualified Independent Contractor (QIC) or the ALJ hearing your case. Before you engage counsel, you should consider asking the following questions:
Has the attorney ever handled large, complex contractor audits before? Some firms will happily take your case, despite the fact that they have little or no experience in this area of health law. Don’t pay for your attorneys to learn how to handle a case. While every case is different, an experienced firm will have developed a number of arguments and defenses that may be readily used in your case without having to conduct costly, extensive legal research.
Can the firm provide client references who are willing to speak with you about the quality of work performed on their Medicare statistical extrapolation case?
Who will be working on your case? Will it be an inexperienced Associate attorney or one of the partners who has actually fought and won a multitude of Medicare overpayment claims and cases where the damages have been extrapolated by the contractors?
What are the credentials of the attorneys and paralegals who will be working on your case? Have they ever worked on the side of the government? One of our attorneys served as an Assistant U.S. Attorney for many years, ultimately being selected to serve as the First National Health Care Fraud Coordinator for the Department of Justice, Executive Office for U. S. Attorneys. In addition to a law degree, he also holds a Master’s in Health Care Administration. To fully appreciate the challenges faced by health care providers, you need an attorney who understands both the legal constraints and the practical business risks faced by health care providers.
In several of the ZPIC audit appeals cases we have handled, the alleged error rate has exceeded 90%. With the resulting alleged damages often in the millions of dollars, few health care providers are in a position to merely pay such an assessment. Instead, they need experienced legal counsel to defend their interests and set out the reasons why these claims should qualify for coverage and payment. When handling these cases, it is essential that you challenge both the denial of claims and the extrapolation itself (as appropriate).
Robert W. Liles serves as Managing Partner at Liles Parker. Robert and our other attorneys have extensive experience defending health care providers in cases where ZPICs have sought to impose extrapolated damages. Should you have any questions regarding these issues, don’t hesitate to contact Robert for a complementary consultation. He can be reached at: 1 (800) 475-1906.